Bylaws

Objective

The objective of the Council is to provide permanence and stability for periodic meetings of the World Congress of Biomechanics, and to communicate information about the World Congress and any associated satellite meetings, as well as about the scientific priorities in Biomechanics, to as many people interested in the subject as possible.

Membership

There are two groups of members: regular members who have a vote in the Council’s affairs, and affiliated members who participate, but have no vote in the Council’s affairs. The number of regular members shall not exceed 40.

Regular members are elected representatives from four sources:

  • At least 25 members-at-large who are leaders in the field and representative of the disciplinary breadth of biomechanics.
  • Up to 10 members-at-large who are representative of people in large geographical areas in which the density of biomechanics workers per unit area is relatively low, and are not represented by either Category A or C.
  • Up to 10 organizations with a large membership interested in biomechanics. Such organizations are to be international, regional, or some other type of umbrella organization, representing more than 200 active biomechanics researchers.
  • Each chair of a World Congress is to be a member of the World Council for a nominal eight-year term.

Affiliated members are representatives of international unions such as IUPAB, IUPS, IUTAM, and IUPESM.

Responsibilities of Members

Once a member is elected to the Council, he or she would no longer just represent an organization or an area or a discipline, but must have the welfare of the whole as the primary interest. Each member should regard the communication of information on the dates, venue, and call of papers of the coming World Congress to his/her constituency as his/her duty.

Election of the Members

Members of World Council on Biomechanics are elected by the Council itself. The election is conducted at a regular Council meeting held during a World Congress. Under special circumstances it may be conducted by mail ballot. For Category A Members-at-Large, these are elected based on a nomination process established by the Council. For Category B Members-at-Large, election is based on a proposal and a nomination forthcoming from a geographical area. For Category C representation of organizations, election by the Council is based on a nomination submitted by an accepted organization.

The Terms of Membership

Beginning with the Second Council which takes office in 1998, each Council member is to serve a nominal 12-year term, from the end of the World Congress at which he/she is elected until the end of the World Congress approximately 12 years later. Note that intervals between World Congresses may be three to five years; thus a term could range from 9 to 15 years. Normally, upon completion of a full term, a member will not be considered for re-election. For the First Council, serving from 1994 to 1998, approximately 1/3 of the members will serve for a four-year period and 1/3 for an eight-year period, i.e., until the First World Congress held in the 21st Century, and 1/3 for a twelve-year period, i.e., until the Second World Congress held in the 21st Century. Newly elected members will take office at the end of the World Congress in which they are elected and will serve until the end of the World Congress approximately eight years later. A World Congress Chair serves as a Council member from the end of the World Congress immediately preceding to the end of the World Congress immediately following the one which he or she chairs.

The Term of a Council and the Officers of the Council

A council serves from the end of one World Congress to the end of the next. The Council will elect a Chair, a Vice chair, a Secretary, and a Treasurer from among its own members. They are responsible for accomplishing the objectives of the Council. The Past Chair will serve as a member of the Executive Committee.

Meetings

The Council’s regular meeting will be held during the World Congress of Biomechanics which occurs once every three to five years. Notice of this meeting shall be transmitted to all members at least 90 days prior to the meeting. A quorum shall be constituted by 50% of the total Council members. Special meetings may be called by the Chair of the Council, also with 90 days’ advance notice. A new Council will hold an organizational meeting during the World Congress, at the end of which their nominal four-year period of service begins. The purpose of this organizational meeting is to elect officers and conduct other necessary business.

Establishment of the World Council on Biomechanics

The World Committee of Biomechanics was established on September 3, 1990, by consultation with various people and organizations in biomechanics. On July 13, 1994, at the Second World Congress on Biomechanics, the World Committee of Biomechanics voted to become the World Council on Biomechanics with the intent that these bylaws be fully implemented by the Third World Congress on Biomechanics in 1998.

Amendment of Bylaws

Amendments may be made by a two-thirds majority vote of the Council. This may be done either at the Council’s regular meeting or by mail ballot. Proposed amendments must be transmitted to the Council members 90 days prior to the meeting or the deadline for a mail ballot.